Insomnia refers to a condition where it is difficult to fall asleep or when sleeping through the night is not possible. There are three basic types of insomnia:
Insomnia can result from one or a combination of the following causes:
Insomnia affects all age groups and ethnicities. However, the incidence is more common among adult women than in the case of men. The chance of suffering from a sleep disorder increases with age. Those suffering from stress, anxiety, depression, alcoholism, drug dependency, mental disorders, and lack of adequate exercise have the greatest risk of suffering from insomnia.
While difficulty in falling asleep is the most obvious symptom of insomnia, there are many others which indicate the existence of the condition. Among the most common are:
Because the symptoms of insomnia can be associated with numerous other conditions, Dr. Borenstein will conduct a thorough examination of to determine the existence of the condition and the type of insomnia. This will include asking about snoring, recent weight gain, lifestyle and sleeping habits, alcohol and recreational / prescription / over-the-counter drug use and examination of the sleeping habits of a bed partner. If a detailed medical history is available, this will assist in the diagnosis.